55 years ago, space was declared the property of all mankind

On January 27, 1967, the Soviet Union, the United States, and the United Kingdom signed an intergovernmental document entitled “Treaty establishing the Principles for the Activities of States in Exploration and Use of Outer Space”.

“The exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, is carried out for the benefit of and in the interest of all countries, regardless of the degree of economic or scientific development, and is the property of all mankind.”, the first paragraph of the first article of the Treaty “On the principles of the activities of States in the exploration and use of outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies.” This treaty was signed on January 27, 1967, the Soviet Union, the United States and Great Britain became its first participants.

55 years ago, only three countries signed the treaty, today more than a hundred countries have acceded to it. The seventeen articles of the treaty define the principles that states must follow in the exploration of outer space, also determine the attitude towards astronauts and limit the use of outer space and space objects for military purposes.

For example, the Treaty states that States Parties “regard cosmonauts as the messengers of humanity in space and provide them with all possible assistance in the event of an accident, disaster or forced landing on the territory of another State party to the Treaty or on the high seas.”

It is forbidden to launch objects with nuclear weapons or other weapons of mass destruction into orbit around the earth. The moon and other space objects should be used exclusively for peaceful purposes – it is forbidden to create military bases, test weapons and perform maneuvers there. At the same time, military personnel can be used for scientific research or other peaceful purposes.

Outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, can not be appropriated by any state. These are territories free of scientific research, and states should encourage such international cooperation. The Treaty notes: “All stations, installations, equipment and spacecraft on the Moon and on other celestial bodies are open to representatives of other States Parties to this Treaty on the basis of reciprocity”

Any state can accede to the treaty at any time.

Based on material from open sources

Photo on the main page: ru.123rf.com

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