An airport will be built at the Vostochny Cosmodrome to receive passengers and space cargo. This was reported by Glavgosexpertiza from Russia.
Among the planned facilities is the construction of a launch pad for the Angara space rocket complex, an airport and other items of transport, engineering and technical infrastructure.
The first conclusions of the state expertise on the construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome airport were issued in the second half of 2021 – the beginning of 2022. Today, the examination of items from the first stage continues. The airport is being built on the territory of the town of Tsiolkovsky in the Shimanovsky district of the Amur region, west of the Chita-Khabarovsk Amur federal highway. The dimensions of the runway are designed to accommodate all types of modern passenger and transport aircraft.
“The airport under construction is necessary for the transportation of heavy and fragile spacecraft that cannot be transported across the country by rail or air to Blagoveshchensk, from where it is about 240 km to the Vostochny cosmodrome,” said Dmitry Rogozin, head of Roscosmos, quoted in the message. He also said in an interview with the media that the construction of the runway at the spaceport is scheduled to be completed in October 2022.
The airport complex is also designed to serve passengers and provide activities related to search and rescue of space crews.
Remember that the launches of manned and automated vehicles at Vostochny will be carried out from two locations. The launch complex for the Soyuz-2 rocket was commissioned as part of the first stage of the construction of the cosmodrome in 2016. It is equipped with a mobile service tower, which has no analogues at other Russian cosmodromes – Baikonur and Plesetsk. The design weighing 1.6 thousand tons and 52 m high makes it possible to carry out all the work of preparing the rocket for launch in the most difficult climatic conditions typical of the regions of the Far East. The second space launch platform, or “launching pad”, is being built at Vostochny for the new Angara launch vehicles. The complex is designed for 10 launches per year, including cargo and crew. Angara-class rockets can deliver up to 37.5 tons of cargo into orbit. For comparison, the payload of the Soyuz-2 rocket is no more than 7.4 tons.
Roskosmos plans to complete the second stage of the construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome at the end of 2022. The satellite city, built for the employees of Vostochny, was renamed in 2015 in honor of the founder of cosmonautics, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. Project documentation for the construction of federal housing facilities with the necessary technical infrastructure, institutions and enterprises for social, cultural and community support also received positive conclusions from Glavgosexpertiza at different stages.
The cosmodrome, the airport and the city of Tsiolkovsky form the basis of the space cluster being created in the Amur region. It will provide launches of spacecraft of all types, guaranteeing independent access to outer space from Russian territory.