An airport will be built at the Vostochny Cosmodrome to accommodate passengers and space freight. This was reported by Glavgosexpertiza from Russia.
Among the planned facilities are the construction of a launch pad for the Angara space rocket complex, an airport and other objects for transport, engineering and technical infrastructure.
The first conclusions from the state expertise for the construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome airport were issued during the second half of 2021 – early 2022. Today, the investigation of objects continues from the first stage. The airport is being built on the territory of the town of Tsiolkovsky in the Shimanovsky district of the Amur region, west of the Amur federal highway Chita-Khabarovsk. The runway dimensions are designed to accommodate all types of modern passenger and transport aircraft.
“The airport under construction is necessary for the transport of heavy and fragile spacecraft that can not be transported over the country by rail or by plane to Blagoveshchensk, from where it is about 240 km to the Vostochny cosmodrome,” said Dmitry Rogozin, head of Roscosmos, quoted in the statement. . He also said in an interview with the media that the construction of the runway at the space port is planned to be completed in October 2022.
The airport complex is also designed to serve passengers and provide activities related to the search and rescue of space crews.
Remember that the launches of manned and automatic vehicles at Vostochny will be carried out from two locations. The launch complex for the Soyuz-2 rocket was launched as part of the first stage of the construction of the cosmodrome in 2016. It is equipped with a mobile service tower, which has no analogues on other Russian cosmodromes – Baikonur and Plesetsk. The design, which weighs 1.6 thousand tonnes and is 52 m high, makes it possible to carry out all work to prepare the rocket for launch under the most difficult climatic conditions that are typical of the regions in the Far East. The second space launching platform, or “launching pad”, is being built on Vostochny for the new Angara launch vehicles. The complex is designed for 10 launches per year, including cargo and manned. Angara-class rockets can deliver up to 37.5 tons of cargo into orbit. For comparison, the payload of the Soyuz-2 rocket is not more than 7.4 tons.
Roskosmos plans to complete the second phase of construction of the Vostochny cosmodrome by the end of 2022. The satellite city, built for Vostochny employees, was renamed in 2015 to honor the founder of cosmonautics, Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. Project documentation for the construction of federal housing facilities with the necessary technical infrastructure, institutions and companies for social, cultural and social support also received positive conclusions from Glavgosexpertiza at various stages.
The Cosmodrome, the airport and the city of Tsiolkovsky form the basis of the space cluster created in the Amur region. It will provide launches of spacecraft of all types, guaranteeing independent access to outer space from Russian territory.