Analytics. Six Skif satellites are to be launched into orbit in mid-2026

11.11.22 05:36

Within the framework of the decade of science and technology in Russia, the V All-Russian Scientific and Technical Conference “Control Systems for Unmanned Space and Atmospheric Aerial Vehicles” was held on the basis of the Moscow Experimental Design Bureau “Mars” (part of Rosatom).

The conference was dedicated to the 80th anniversary of the birth of the director-chief designer of MOKB “Mars” AS Syrova (1942–2021)

The conference, which was organized with the support of the international public organization “Academy of Navigation and Traffic Control”, was attended by about 200 people from 26 companies and research organizations in the nuclear and rocket and space industries (IKI RAS, PJSC RSC Energia, JSC ” RCC ” Progress”, JSC “NIKIET”, Federal State Unitary Enterprise “RFNC-VNIIEF”, etc.). In addition, students and doctoral students of technical universities (Moscow State University, Moscow Aviation Institute (NRU), Moscow State Technical University named after NE Bauman , etc.), employees of educational institutions responsible for the training of aerospace personnel presentations at the conference.

A total of 75 reports were heard during the conference. The conference work was organized into sections covering six areas. The participants discussed current issues in the field of creation and operation of on-board control systems for space and atmospheric aircraft. During the work of the sections, the problems of quality, reliability and metrology in the development, production and operation of UAVs were also considered, the issues of development of navigation systems, the creation of new types of instruments, actuators and control means for aircraft were also discussed. The speakers’ presentations covered both fundamental and theoretical aspects, as well as practical suggestions for design, production and implementation.

In particular, Elena Romadova, designer of space nuclear power plants at JSC NIKIET, noted that a number of technically complex tasks can be solved by using innovative space nuclear power plants (NPP). First of all, this is the creation of global communication systems, remote sensing of the Earth, environmental monitoring, warning of natural disasters, etc. In addition, the use of nuclear power plants will make it possible to organize automated planetary bases and conduct manned flights to the Moon and Mars.

In his speech, Roman Bessonov, head of the Department of Optical and Physical Research at IKI RAS, spoke about the use of new approaches in the creation of optoelectronic devices and spacecraft when landing on the moon. Currently, optical systems are being developed for autonomous navigation, which use measurements of directions to the stars, the horizon, and natural landmarks on the surface of the planets. This method will allow the spacecraft to navigate in all conditions, including in the absence of artificial navigation fields.

VNTK participants expressed the opinion that wireless interfaces would be required for the implementation of the space program. Vyacheslav Grishin, First Deputy General Director – Chief Designer of JSC “Scientific Research Institute” Submicron “, spoke about this in more detail, who made a report “SpaceWire/SpaceFibre Network as the Basis of Global Space Infrastructure”. According to him, the domestic industry is conceptually ready to build multi-satellite constellations with unified interfaces. Russia is systematically developing outer space for peaceful purposes. The development of the Russian satellite constellation will strengthen the technological sovereignty of our country and will be in demand by many sectors of the economy. Vyacheslav Grishin spoke about the Sphere (Communications) program for development of the Russian Federation’s rocket and space industry and recalled the launch of the Skif-D demonstrator spacecraft on October 22, 2022. Six Skif satellites will be launched into orbit in mid-2026. According to experts, the cost of transmitting information via satellite communications, which will provided by Sk the if units, to be comparable to the price of ground operators. The first stage of the expansion of a satellite constellation for broadband Internet connection involves the launch of six Skif spacecraft at the end of 2026.

Within the framework of the conference, Anton Krasnov, a representative of JSC Concern Central Research Institute Elektropribor, shared his experience in developing marine navigation systems for geophysical fields. Director of the Directorate of Institute No. 7 “Robotic and Intelligent Systems” MAI (NRU), Professor of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Krivilev spoke about the development trends of higher technical education. At the end of the plenary session, Igor Radugin, Deputy Scientific Director of MOKB Mars, made a report dedicated to the 35th anniversary of the first launch of the Energia rocket from the Polyus spacecraft.

Most of the reports were presented by students, PhD students and young professionals. “Holding such events contributes to intensifying the development of scientific research, understanding of the problems faced by engineers in high-tech industries. The active participation of young scientists and engineers in these processes is especially gratifying. In 2024, we plan to hold the sixth scientific and the technical conference, where I hope that all the positive trends that have appeared at the just ended event will be further developed, said Vladimir Sokolov, Chairman of the Organizing Committee of VNTK, Scientific Director of MOKB Mars, summarized the results of the conference, adding that the best the reports will be recommended for publication in scientific journals included in the list of HAC (Higher Attestation Commission).

Within the framework of the conference, the results of the first company competition of AS Syrov for young researchers and specialists in the field of design, production, ground testing and operation of control systems for space and atmospheric aircraft. A total of eight works were submitted to the competition, the first place was won by a team of authors consisting of engineers from MOKB Mars: Oleg Perchikhin, Mikhail Drozdov and Anastasia Fedorenko. The winners submitted to the competition an information measurement system for collecting and visualizing data on electromagnetic fields of technical objects (now this process is carried out manually).

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