China plans to build a next-generation manned launch vehicle to fly to its space station and the moon with a reusable first step.
The new rocket will allow a reusable launching option to send astronauts or cargo to New China. Tiangong space station, while the larger version will allow China to send a crew to the moon and space.
It will also be able to carry a new spacecraft that is larger than the Shenzhou spacecraft it is currently using. China’s National Manned Space Administration, according to China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC), the country’s leading aerospace contractor.
The rocket is currently mentioned by the bulky placeholder “New Generation Manned Launch Vehicle”. Once the launch role is completed, the first step will be to restart its engines to slow down and use the fins to steer like a flagship. Falcon 9 Rockets released SpaceX.
Connected: Latest news about China’s space program
However, the landing stage will include a “tethered landing gear”, according to Wang Xiaojun, president of China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT), a CASC subsidiary that develops the rocket. 17 February This happened Organized by the International Astronautical Federation, Chinese Astronautical Society and CALT. Instead of landing legs, the landing stage of the rocket would carry hooks and be suspended in narrow cables.
CASC has not said when the rocket will be launched, but China’s recently released space white paper It set out the main tasks for the next five years (2021-2025), which include the first launch of a new crew carrier.
China is currently launching its manned missile with the Long March 2F consumer rocket, which also uses a toxic and therefore dangerous and expensive substance to power a hyperactive engine.
The new rocket will use RP-1 refined kerosene fuel and liquid oxygen-based engines developed for China’s new Long March 5, 6, 7 and 8. It comes in two variants: a two-stage version for sending astronauts to the Chinese space station and a three-stage version with two side boosters for deep space missions.
The smaller version will be able to place about 30,800 pounds (14,000 kg) in low orbit around the earth when the first step is restored, allowing it to carry New generation of spacecraft who had an uninhabited provtur In 2021. It can carry (18000 kg) when the first stage is over.
The larger version will be able to lift 59,500 pounds (27,000 kg) into a lunar transmission path. This means that a larger, heavier version of the new manned spacecraft, optimized for missions to the moon and space, can be launched. Long Lehao, a veteran designer of Long March rockets, said in June 2021 at CALT that two rocket launches could be used for a short-range manned lunar landing mission. space news.
China does not yet have a reusable rocket, which means it has to make a number of technological breakthroughs.
However, CASC has stated that its purpose is to convert the file long walk 8 The first stage is reusable, and a number of commercial launchers have them. LandytaiSpace, Galactic Energy, Deep Blue Aerospace and others work with VTOL and VTOL rocket concepts.
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