Space exploration and the development of space technology represent a completely new and extremely specific area of human activity. States’ space activities literally affect the interests of all countries because of their global nature. Outer space differs from land, sea and air space in that it can not be divided into any zones during its use by states. During flight, spacecraft, as they move away from Earth, inevitably pass through all layers of outer space, and the orbits of their motion lie over many territories in different states.
This happens both because of the laws of space travel itself and because of the Earth’s rotation around its own axis. It is already clear today that the time is approaching when space technology will create new, ultra-fast means of transport, will be used to study the earth’s interior and finally for human penetration to other planets. The great Russian scientist KE Tsiolkovsky’s prophetic words that man will gradually conquer all space around the sun are coming true.
The space business is one of the most complex activities and its pronounced focus on broad international cooperation makes a significant contribution to world processes. Kazakhstan has great potential for the successful development of space activities, taking into account the changing conditions both within the country and on the world stage. The unique potential of space technology, space complexes and participation in international cooperation in research and practical use of space production, combined with space infrastructure and highly qualified personnel, constitute the reliable foundation that can significantly strengthen Kazakhstan’s position in world astronautics. The first and largest in the world, the most sought after Baikonur Cosmodrome, which is a unique facility and has no analogues in the world, is located in Kazakhstan. The presence of the space port speaks of the development of the state and raises its authority in the international arena.
International cooperation in space activities for Kazakhstan is very important, as in the future the country faces many activities to develop the republic’s space industry, for which the state allocates certain subsidies. Purposeful work is being done in the republic to develop space activities. There is a successful development of competitive space technology in the interest of Kazakhstan. A long-term program for the development of space activities in Kazakhstan is being developed. Highly qualified specialists are needed for the continued successful development of space operations.
Kazakh National University named after. Al-Farabi contributes to space research and training of specialists in the field of space research, after developing together with UniSat a special project for girls (Unisat Nano-Satellite Educational Program for Girls). From March 21 to March 31, 2022, more than 150 girls from Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan gathered, designed and launched, participants in UniSat’s training program, three ultramodern nanosatellites in the stratosphere. UniSat is an educational program created by UNICEF together with the “Science and Technology Park” at Kazakh National University. Al-Farabi with the aim of developing girls’ knowledge in the field of nanosatellite development, as well as improving teamwork, speaking in front of an audience and effective time management skills. Speaking to the participants in the project, Temirbaev Amirkhan Adilkhanovich emphasized the importance of this project and expressed the hope that this joint project will contribute to the further development of STEM training for girls in Kazakhstan and become an example of the transformation of experiences in other countries.
As part of the 10-day UniSat practical marathon, participants mastered the design, layout, programming and assembly of spacecraft. They could visit the Center for Space Technology and Remote Analysis of the Earth. Under the guidance of mentors, the girls designed the bodies of nanosatellites using 3D modeling and printed them on a 3D printer. The participants also independently programmed the subsystems of the UniSat nanosatellites and tested them in the laboratory before launch.
Today’s launch is symbolic. It shows the boundless potential of girls and women in Central Asia. Their ability to push the boundaries of science and technology. We believe that the results of the UniSAT program will make it possible to achieve cosmic change in society “, commented Arthur van Diesen, UNICEF Representative in Kazakhstan, on the participation of girls from different countries in the international project.
The UniSat program is supported by the Dubai Care International Education Foundation, the Clé de Peau Beauté brand and the philanthropist Nazanin Alakia.
Dana BAITUKAEVA, project ambassador UniSat, Senior Lecturer, Department of International Law The Faculty of International Relations KazNU named after. Al-Farabi