Every US satellite is registered

Russia annoys the US with its soaring capabilities

Russia keeps space in sight. This is not some kind of bravado, but reality. Recently, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu stated the topic of a satellite being intentionally destroyed in outer space. It seems they shot down their own, trained and already useless, except as a target to no avail. And the question is – with the same success, can the means of the Russian Air Force interrupt the flight of all other space objects of foreign origin? It turns out they can!

Space wars have long ceased to be plots for science fiction films – this is already a reality that appeared at the dawn of the exploration of the proximity of the Earth, and now it already seems like real transcendental battles.

Well, if there is any target for the enemy, then before that you need to have means of destruction, regardless of where it is located – on land, in the sea or in the air, including in space. And if the performance characteristics of almost all existing artillery and missile systems, including ballistic ones, are quite well known, then this is what you can “shoot” into space under the heading of special secrecy. And the same Shoigu, who reported on the successful shooting down of the satellite, did not mention what kind of “slingshot” the space object was shot down. True, but what?

Let’s go into the future, and quite close. According to various sources, both domestic and foreign, Russia is developing a new S-550 missile defense system capable of intercepting intercontinental ballistic missiles and responding to threats from space. This fact is also confirmed by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, but all the possibilities of a promising system are not revealed. US and NATO military experts are also at a loss, but the imminent appearance of the S-550 in service with the Russian air forces worries them precisely because of the “space vision”. This is also stated in his article by Mark Episkopos, a columnist for the American edition of The National Interest, who claims that “it is not clear how to react to the imminent appearance of the S-550.”

Russian military observers provide more detail, citing their sources in the military-industrial complex.

For example, RIA Novosti reports that the main target of the S-550 mobile missile defense system will be American X-37 unmanned space vehicles capable of carrying nuclear warheads. It is claimed that these systems will specialize in destroying ballistic and orbital space objects.

TASS, through its military observer Dmitry Litovkin, suggests that the S-550 system probably works according to the principle of kinetic interception of targets, which will save not only the residents of Russia, but also other countries from the formation of “nuclear ash” over their heads.

This is still a matter of perspective, with the development and creation of the S-550 system, but is this what Russia is now shooting down its failed satellites for now and what keeps outer space in sight? After all, Shoigu, if necessary, can give the go-ahead to eliminate any offending space objects. What can be shot into the sky? Or what means are there in space itself to disable an enemy object?

In the United States, at the dawn of the space age and now, they are confident in their right to restrict the use of space to all but their allies. At the same time, they began to regard space as almost their state.

“The United States views the use of outer space as an important aspect of the national interest. Under this approach, the United States is committed to asserting its rights, capabilities, and freedom of action in outer space. It will deter and deter others from infringing on said rights and from to develop the means intended for this purpose.

If necessary, rivals will be denied the ability to use outer space if they thereby pursue objectives hostile to US national interests,” the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) explains in one of the documents.

It is unlikely that the Americans will be able to limit the use of space to anyone, and even more so to Russia. We still make, as in the song, missiles, and at the same time anti-satellite. It has definitely been done before. Already in 1963, the Polet-1 spacecraft with an explosive charge made its first flight. A system of anti-space defense (PKO) and “satellite fighters” was created. Most of the launches of “satellite fighters” were considered successful.

“We have always worked on anti-satellite defenses, even after 1991, when they were officially curtailed, but this information is not disclosed,” said Reserve Colonel Mikhail L., who served in the GRU’s space intelligence service. – But the tracking of space objects in the countries of the potential enemy was carried out constantly.

Almost every American satellite was registered. We had more possibilities because of telescopes and other space tracking equipment. During the Soviet era, the stations were located, apart from the territory of the Russian Federation, in Germany, Crimea, Central Asia and the Caucasus. Now these opportunities have somewhat decreased precisely because of the reduction of the territory, while the technical ability, on the contrary, has increased. And the fact that a space and electronic surveillance station has been restored in Crimea is very gratifying – opportunities will expand. After all, sometimes it is more important to discover, rather than to destroy.

For destruction. Of particular interest in the Soviet Union in the mid-80s of the last century was the project to create a “kamikaze” satellite, which explodes itself and destroys the target. The option was considered not an absolutely accurate hit of the interceptor satellite in the target, but the option of an explosion at some distance from the target and its destruction by a fragmentation charge. It was the cheapest, easiest and most reliable option. It later became known as the “Satellite Destroyer” program.

A bit of amateur reasoning on this. The race of satellites after satellites in orbit still seems to be quite a complicated process, mainly because the space battle is controlled from the ground. The account runs not for seconds and minutes, but for hours, and even for a day. It is necessary to mark the mark of the enemy satellite on the tablet, take the “fighter satellite” to it exactly and, at the right time, detonate or ram. The MiG-31’s high-altitude interceptor, for example, can climb into space close to and cause damage to enemy satellites, including using the Kinzhal hypersonic missile.

But their capabilities are quite limited, both in terms of altitude and accuracy to reach the angle of attack, and there is not enough time to chase space objects. Nevertheless, ground-based means of destroying air defenses and high-altitude missile defenses, which can reach targets in near-Earth orbits, appear to be more effective.

It is clear that for the same S-400 and S-500 anti-aircraft missile systems, this is a rather difficult task, it is likely that it is the S-550 that will be able to hit enemy satellites like flies. But Russia also has other ways of destroying space objects.

The anti-satellite system’s current capabilities were not disclosed. Although there is no program to limit them. Similar developments are being carried out in the USA, and in China and even in North Korea.

One of the promising Russian developments is the new A-235 Nudol missile defense system (named after the ROC of the same name), which can shoot down both ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic missiles) and presumably satellites. Its latest test launch was able to detect US reconnaissance satellites, but they never saw the target of the hit. It is likely that this is not the only domestic development that will be able to deprive any army of the world of navigation systems. From the US, at least periodically, nervous exclamations are heard that the Russians have created another “satellite killer system”. Moscow sees this as Washington’s “clumsy attempt” to divert attention from plans to first launch weapons into space.

So after all, Nudol successfully shot down a target in space, while still in the form of his own exhausted satellite? A rare fisherman or traveler knows about the existence of the Nudol River in the Moscow region, its length is only 26 kilometers. Even less is known about the A-235 anti-missile and anti-satellite missile, called Nudol, which is capable of stopping US plans for a war with Russia.

From the previously known tests of the A-235 Nudol system, which is presented as a layered territorial missile defense system, it was reported back in December 2018. The United States then announced information from a certain secret report, which deals with Russia’s development of various anti-satellite technologies for targeted energy and land-based.

According to US military intelligence, it must be assumed that this is the Defense Intelligence Agency, Russia is conducting experimental launches of satellites that perform complex operations in orbit to increase anti-satellite capabilities.

The development of R&D “Nudol” is still in the status of special secrecy. From what the Americans know, it is known that the space rocket A-325 during the tests covered a distance of 3,500 kilometers in 17 minutes and reached the target. This means that all tests that have been passed can be considered successful. What type of missile it was is not known for sure, but it is likely that it is superior in its characteristics to the 53T6 anti-missile of the Amur system, which can intercept ballistic missiles and their warheads flying at speeds up to 6 -7 kilometers per second at an altitude of 5 kilometers to the edge of outer space.

With all the secrecy of the tests of the Nudol anti-missile defense system, it is clear that it is in the ability to set up a space umbrella over almost the entire territory of Russia and nullify the full potential of American ballistic missiles and satellite constellations. Guaranteed defeat is what they call it.



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