Zyuganov Gennady Andreevich
Chairman of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, head of the faction of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation in the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation
Pupils and students!
Teachers and parents!
I heartily congratulate you on the beginning of the school year!
Knowledge Day is a close and dear holiday for each of us. Millions of first graders from Kamchatka to Kaliningrad, from Murmansk to Sevastopol are now taking their first shy steps towards adulthood. And each of us remembers how we once took these most important and touching steps in our lives.
The knowledge we gain at school stays with us forever. They become our philosophical and professional foundation. And that is why we remember our beloved teachers with such warmth and tenderness, who gave us care and knowledge, taught us goodness and integrity. Our hearts are filled with pride from the realization that this great mission, the mission of the Teacher, has always been revered in Russia.
We remember our good schoolmates today. With them we prepared for exams and played carelessly during the breaks. Together we walked the path of civic development and became direct witnesses of how the desire for knowledge was encouraged in every possible way in the Soviet Union. We know very well that it is no coincidence that Soviet education has been ranked as the best in the world.
Nikolai Nekrasov’s words about the miserable and abundant, powerful and powerless Russia were written in 1866, shortly after the abolition of serfdom. The Bolshevik-Leninists had already succeeded in practically solving the problem of transforming powerless modern Russia into a mighty industrial power. VI Even on the eve of the great October Revolution, Lenin said: “Either death or catching up and overtaking the advanced capitalist countries.”
“Knowledge is power!” – already taught the English philosopher Francis Bacon in the 17th century.
“Knowledge is power!” – in turn insisted on the Bolsheviks. From the first days of Soviet power, they implemented a large-scale educational reform. The eradication of age-old illiteracy is one of the first milestones taken by the Soviet country, making education free, public and basic. All class barriers and material privileges on the path to knowledge were swept away. This bright path was open to everyone who wanted to study, develop their abilities and talents.
“Knowledge is power!” – said the Soviet government, and already in 1918 it created dozens of new educational and scientific institutes: from pedagogical to bacteriological and from aviation to radiological. Many of them are still active today.
“Knowledge is power!” – said the communists, and Soviet schools and universities created the basis for the rapid development of our country, its great achievements in the twentieth century. On the basis of this knowledge, Mother Russia grew up, gained strength and power. She managed to defeat Hitler-united Europe, break into space, master the peaceful atom.
The margin of safety formed at that time still keeps our country among the great powers. Life itself persistently points to the advantages of the Soviet education system over “Bolognization”, the Unified State Examination and other “democratic” innovations.
The Soviet country raised outstanding teachers – Anton Makarenko, Lev Vygotsky, Vasily Sukhomlinsky, Leonid Zankov and many thousands of teachers who knew and loved their job, taught us simple literacy and great science. The approach of the Soviet school revealed the abilities and creative potential of future citizens of the country in the best possible way. Its students built factories and plants, built bridges and nuclear power plants, explored outer space, surprised the world with their achievements in science and culture.
The Soviet authorities did everything to raise the prestige of the teaching profession. As Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya noted, teaching is one of the most responsible and noble jobs on earth. The Soviet teacher was strict and fair, like Viktor Nikolayevich Sorokin from the movie “Republic of ShKID”, wise, like Ilya Semyonovich Melnikov from “We’ll Live Until Monday”, caring, like Anna Ivanovna from the movie “First Grader”.
During the Soviet years, entire pedagogical dynasties were actively formed, which generously passed on teaching skills to new generations. My family has deep educational traditions and more than a hundred years of shared teaching experience. And so I am particularly bitter to see the results of stupid experiments that swept across what the Soviet school was famous for. Modern educators were focused on being “educational service providers” and training children to pass the exam. The entire Soviet education system, polished for decades, was destroyed by “efficient managers” who were unable to understand either the intricacies of teaching skills or child psychology.
The Communist Party of the Russian Federation cannot stand such a policy and that is why it persistently proposes a broad program of “Education for All”. We are sure that it fully meets the interests of students, the teaching community and Russia!
On Knowledge Day, I congratulate everyone who teaches and studies, all teachers and teachers, all students and students, cadets and doctoral students, on the new school year! Mastering knowledge is not an easy job, but fascinating, honorable, opening up new horizons. May the years of your studies bring you not only great benefits, but also the joy of understanding the centuries-old wisdom of mankind, from communicating with teachers and friends!
Dear friends! I sincerely wish you great success in all the exams that your life path will prepare for you!
Happy holidays to you! Knowledge Day!