how the space forces of the Russian Federation’s space forces develop the defense of space close to Earth – Teller Report Teller Report

On the day of the Russian Federation’s space forces, the Russian Defense Department announced that in 2025, 12 new laser optical and radio technology systems will be deployed in the country to control outer space. The Ministry of Defense clarified that the first new generation of laser optical complexes has been successfully put into combat service in the Altai Territory and solves the tasks of controlling outer space. In addition, about 50 research and development projects are underway to create new generation systems and complexes for the space forces. Experts note that in connection with the active militarization of space by the United States and other NATO countries, space defense and warning are of particular relevance to Russia.

By 2025, Russia will distribute at least 12 new laser optical and radio systems to control outer space. This was announced by the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation on the day of the space forces.

“As part of the implementation of the program to improve and develop the Russian space control system, the space forces will continue to work to create specialized ground-based means to control outer space of a new generation. By 2025, it is planned to distribute more than 12 new laser optical and radio technology systems in Russia that implement different principles for detecting and recognizing space objects, the Ministry of Defense said in a statement.

The first laser-optical complex of a new generation has already been successfully put into combat service in the Altai Territory and solves the tasks of controlling outer space, the Russian Ministry of Defense noted.

In addition, the development of command and measurement systems of a new generation is actively carried out for the re-equipment of individual command and measurement complexes in the Main Test Space Center. GS Titov.

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“The commissioning of uniform command and measurement equipment will allow us to switch to new technology to control the spacecraft of the Russian orbital group and reduce the list of modifications of technical control equipment from previous generations by several times,” the Ministry of Defense said in a press release. statement.

To equip the space forces’ formations and military units with promising weapon models, about 50 research and development work is currently underway, the department added.

Space Force Day is celebrated on October 4 to honor the successful 1957 Baikonur Cosmodrome launch of the first man-made Earth satellite.

Potential threats

The development and strengthening of near-Earth space surveillance systems for space forces from the Russian Federation’s space forces is taking place against the background of the growing militarization of outer space, which is being forced by the United States and the countries of the NATO bloc, experts say.

In an interview with RT, military expert Alexei Leonkov emphasized that due to US action, the deployment of new laser optical systems by Russia is of particular relevance.

“Such systems are very important for the organization of the air defense, because space militarization programs have been activated in NATO countries and the United States. American space objects, which will be launched into orbit under the guise of civilian satellites, may actually be military. New means of control will to make it possible to monitor outer space, determine what type of object is in orbit: is it a threat or not, said the expert.

In September, Yan Novikov, director general of the Almaz-Antey Aerospace Defense Concern, said in an interview with the newspaper Krasnaya Zvezda that one of the types of space weapons that the United States is developing is the so-called intermediate medium. According to Novikov, the goal of these developments is to be able to deliver rapid precision attacks against all types of targets anywhere in the world.

“If we talk about space assets, these are first and foremost unmanned Kh-37 orbital vehicles. They not only have the ability to stay in space for a long time, but can also quickly change orbits, as well as perform a number of special functions. 2010 was launched the first such device, today there are already several of them “, said the Director General of Almaz-Antey.

Yan Novikov recalled that, according to official statements from the US side, these units were created for various scientific purposes and intelligence, but there is an understanding among the expert community that they can serve as bearers of nuclear warheads.

“The United States plans to further increase the number of such units in space. This is a serious challenge,” Novikov stressed.

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According to the Director-General of Almaz-Antey, technologies are currently being developed to create reusable aerospace systems based on experiments with such unmanned vehicles.

“Promising reusable spacecraft launched by a launch vehicle will potentially be able to provide a flexible solution for combat missions: from providing space reconnaissance and control of outer space to delivering unexpected attacks on priority ground targets,” added Yan Novikov.

In April last year, Russia’s Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said that Washington had set a course for distributing strike systems in outer space. According to him, Moscow came to this conclusion on the basis of the US refusal to enter into dialogue with Russia about not being the first to place weapons in space close to Earth.

“If the United States refuses this proposal, the natural conclusion we draw is that they have begun to create strike systems for deployment in outer space. There is no other logical conclusion from their denial,” the diplomat stressed in an interview with TASS.

According to Sergei Ryabkov, the US side is consistently ignoring Russia’s proposal to work materially on creating an international legal framework to prevent a space arms race.

“Recently, they have made it a rule to demagogically question the justification of our idea of ​​adopting not only legally binding agreements in this area on the state line, but also their assumption, that is, states, of a political obligation not to be the first to place weapons in space, “said the Deputy Foreign Minister.

In this regard, the Russian Federation urges the United States not to come up with excuses to ignore Moscow’s proposal, but to consider the meaning of these ideas, Sergei Ryabkov added.

phantom weapons

Recall that the United States and its allies consistently accuse Russia of allegedly placing new types of weapons in space near Earth that threaten their security.

So in May, the chief of the space operations command, Lieutenant General of the US space forces Stephen Whiting, said that Russian satellites are said to be able to disrupt the operation of US objects in outer space, and some of them can be synchronized with the orbit of a US satellite, more than once.

Meanwhile, the commander of the US space force, Air Force General John Raymond, said in an interview with The Washington Post that Russia and China have created weapons that can inactivate US satellites “either destroying them from Earth and from space or through cyberspace.”

The United States sees space as the same area of ​​”warfare as air, land and sea,” said the US military leader.

It is worth noting that this thesis is also expressed in the US national space strategy. The document notes that due to the desire of “rivals” to challenge the interests of Washington and its allies in space, this space has been transformed into a war zone.

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Moscow, in turn, consistently opposes all initiatives and plans to place weapons in outer space near Earth. In June, Russian President Vladimir Putin, in an interview with NBC Television ahead of a summit with US leader Joe Biden, once again expressed the Russian side’s position on the unacceptability of the militarization of outer space.

“Everyone is well aware of our position that we are categorically against the militarization of outer space in general. We believe that outer space should be free from all types of weapons deployed in space near Earth, and so on,” Putin emphasized.

In an interview with RT, the head of the Space Policy Institute, Ivan Moiseev, noted that in recent years the United States has actively built up its capacity in the military space sector with the help of new technology.

“They use technology that is not available to many other countries. The United States spends more on military space programs than any other country combined, and is rapidly increasing this area,” the expert noted.

In turn, Russia is now developing support and warning systems for outer space, Ivan Moiseev added.

“This is communication, different types of reconnaissance – not only optical, but also radio technology, special areas, such as the detection of missile launches and military research, the creation of more advanced technology. This is a fairly large amount of work and most of the space activities,” the interlocutor emphasized. to RT.

Now the range of activities for the Russian space forces has been expanded, Alexey Leonkov added.

“In the past, the main tasks were reduced to launching military satellites and monitoring their orbiting activities. Now the information has become much broader. The space forces, together with the air force and air defense forces, became part of the air forces. Thus, they managed to unite the three types of troops so that Russia could build a layer of military space defense in the future, says RT’s interlocutor.

The space forces’ control center provides constant monitoring of everything that happens on the distant borders from the Russian borders, including in outer space, added Alexei Leonkov.

According to the military expert, with its provocative behavior in this area, Washington wants to drag China and Russia into a space race that will undermine their economies.

“But neither Russia nor China will interfere in the space arms race, because they have such developments that are qualitatively superior to the United States,” Alexei Leonkov concluded.

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