Lavrov called for the opening of negotiations on an international agreement on outer space

Russia calls on the countries of the world to draw up a legally binding agreement to prevent violent confrontations in space. “Gazeta.Ru” – about the main development of weapons that threaten countries from space near Earth.

Russia demands that negotiations be opened on an international agreement on outer space in order to prevent the launch of an arms race in space near Earth. This was stated by Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in a video message on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of Yuri Gagarin’s flight into space.

“We are in favor of starting negotiations on the development of an internationally legally binding instrument that prohibits the deployment of all types of weapons there, as well as the use of force or threats of violence. We propose that we take the corresponding Russian-Chinese draft treaty as was presented at the Geneva Conference on Disarmament 2014, says the call on the Foreign Ministry’s website.

At the same time, Moscow proposes that countries make a political commitment not to be the first to place weapons in space until a multilateral document is under development.

According to Lavrov, three dozen states have already joined this initiative.

USA: fighting on land and in space

At the same time, the situation in outer space near the earth develops as follows. American analysts agree on one thing: the United States is already heavily dependent on space today. In addition, this dependence increases every year, leading to US vulnerability through space close to Earth.

Therefore, the United States is seriously considering various options to counter any aggression in space. For example, a failure or destruction of the Global Positioning System (GPS) can not only affect the course and outcome of armed struggle. US experts warn that a large-scale and effective attack on GPS infrastructure would jeopardize shipping trade and civil aviation, which rely on GPS for navigation.

In other words, simply the cessation of the functioning of the global positioning system is a disaster for the post-industrial world. And then there are communications satellites, weather forecast satellites, missile attack warning systems.

By the way, all of the above applies to all countries that have a developed orbital constellation of spacecraft in space.

In the light of recent tests in the world of anti-satellite weapons, it is worth studying, according to US analysts, exactly what state other countries are in when it comes to the ability to wage armed combat in space.

The most compelling demonstration of space as an upcoming battlefield has been the recent creation of the US space force. As previously written “Gazeta.Ru”The US national strategy sees space as a battlefield, as land, air or sea.

Most likely, in the near future, fleets of orbital aircraft, created on the basis of experimental X-37B spacecraft, will conduct armed combat in space. They can be equipped with small-caliber fast-firing cannons, which under space conditions can effectively hit spacecraft at long distances.

It is quite possible that both controlled missile weapons and weapons based on new physical principles will be installed on the space fighters of the future.

Thus, the primary goal of future US aircraft is to defeat the orbiting groups of US enemies. In the war of the future, dominance in space will mean victory on earth, experts are convinced.

China: satellite cleaning

China is another country with its own serious ASAT ambitions. One of the first tests of such weapons was carried out by the Chinese military in 2007. Then an anti-satellite missile hit a satellite at an altitude of 865 km. In 2013, China tested three satellites that could also be used as interceptor satellites.

So, according to Foreign Policy, China has tested several so-called scavenger satellites, which use a retractable arm to capture other satellites.

In addition, China has demonstrated the ability of its satellites to maneuver around the geostationary belt, allowing its satellites to approach other objects in orbit.

The People’s Liberation Army of China created the 2015 Strategic Support Force (SSP), which is engaged in reconnaissance and warfare in cyberspace and outer space.

India: Wiretapping Weapons

On March 27, 2019, India announced the successful test of an anti-satellite weapon, when one of India’s low-orbit satellites was destroyed. In Washington, this launch was described as another opportunity to highlight the nature of space as a currently disputed area.

The interception in India in particular was carried out at approximately the same orbital altitude as in the USA in 2008, but at the same time it was much lower than in China. Undermining the Indian interceptor’s warhead formed a cloud of debris in near space, which could potentially threaten other spacecraft.

Russia: satellite of persecution

As for Russia, as I wrote earlier “Gazeta.Ru”,

In 2020, two Russian satellites Kosmos-2542 and Kosmos-2543 chased an American spacecraft known as the United States 245 or KH-11.

Time Magazine then reported that the Russian satellites were within a radius of only 100 miles (about 160 km) from KH-11, which the commander of the US space force, John Raymond, called it “unusual and disturbing”.

As Defense News reviewers write, “Near-Earth space has become a key arena for potential conflicts in a time of great power competition. China and Russia have militarized near space and turned it into a war zone.”

To describe a legally accurate language and clarifications regarding the threats that launch vehicles with interceptor vehicles pose to objects in orbit, a group of UN government experts negotiated in Geneva to develop a rough form of a treaty to prevent an arms race in outer space, which will eventually prove to be a working document.

But while experts on this issue have not reached an agreement.

This was largely due to differences between members of the delegation (including the United States, Russia, China and India) as to whether legally binding efforts are needed to ensure that space is safe and stable.

During two sessions, experts from 25 countries, including Russia, China, Brazil, India, the United States, made efforts to develop a consensus document, but on the last day, the US expert blocked its adoption, and without any clear explanation of reasons. As a result, the final document was never adopted.

Recall that in December 2014, the UN General Assembly adopted two resolutions to prevent an arms race in outer space.

The first resolution called on all states, especially those with great space potential, to actively promote the peaceful use of outer space, prevent an arms race there and refrain from actions contrary to this goal.

The second resolution called for a ban on the placement of weapons in outer space. 126 countries voted in favor, 4 against (Georgia, Israel, Ukraine, USA), 46 abstained, including EU member states.

The treaty to prevent the deployment of weapons in outer space, the use of force or the threat of its use against space objects, which Beijing and Moscow presented to the UN, according to Washington, will bind US hands in space.

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