NATO Council condemns Russian test of anti-satellite missile in space | News from Germany about world events | DW

The National Council strongly condemns Russia’s careless and irresponsible test “of a direct interception anti-satellite missile (DA-ASAT) that hit the Soviet satellite Kosmos-1408 and created a low-Earth orbit on Earth. This “test led to the creation of a field of orbital debris, which significantly increases the risk to human lives and space resources in a number of states and organizations,” the NATO press service said in a statement released on Friday, November 19.

“Russia’s actions are an example of irresponsible behavior and threaten the security, economic, scientific and commercial interests of all countries and entities seeking to explore and use outer space for peaceful purposes,” the document said.

NATO: What happened may undermine the rejection of the militarization of space

The North Atlantic Alliance believes that what happened directly contradicts Russia’s statements about its opposition to the militarization of space and undermines the rules-based international order.

NATO’s allies remain committed to peaceful space exploration and urge all countries, including the Russian Federation, to join international efforts to develop norms, rules and principles for “responsible behavior to reduce space threats” and to refrain from conducting dangerous, irresponsible and destructive behavior. tests such as those carried out by Moscow.

EU: The credibility of the position of the Russian Federation is questioned

A separate statement in connection with the incident was published on behalf of the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell.

Brussels is confident that the actions of the Russian Federation run counter to the principles reflected in the UN Guidance on the Limitation of Space Debris, as well as Moscow’s position, which was declared earlier in the course of many multilateral fora. We are talking in particular about the contribution of the Russian Federation to the report of the UN Secretary-General on responsible behavior in space. “This doubts the credibility” of the Russian position, they emphasize in the EU.

Brussels wants to accelerate the development of standards

The European Union is convinced that such tests can lead to diminished trust between space actors, are associated with a high risk of miscalculations and escalation and thus undermine the stability of outer space.

“This is a reminder of the urgent need to promote international discussions to harmonize and implement the standards of responsible behavior in space,” said Brussels. They also recalled that France, together with the EU’s leading institutions, had prepared and submitted proposals to this effect to UN Secretary-General António Guterres.

Russian tests in space

Russia conducted space tests on November 15. An anti-satellite missile (DA-ASAT) hit the Soviet satellite Kosmos-1408 (Tselina-D series).

The US Space Forces Command (USSPACECOM), which is part of the US Air Force, was the first to report on Russian tests. US Space Commander James Dickinson said Russia “has shown deliberate disregard for the security, safety, stability and long-term sustainability of outer space for all nations.” The result was more than 1,500 traceable orbital debris, which could eventually lead to hundreds of thousands of smaller fragments, he emphasized.

The State Department said the United States and its allies would work to respond to Russia’s “dangerous and irresponsible behavior” that threatens “long-term sustainability in outer space.”

The position of the Russian Defense Department

Shortly after the announcement from the US authorities, the Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed the information about the missile launch and emphasized that the test was successful. The Agency insisted that the resulting fragments “do not and will not pose a threat to orbital stations, spacecraft and space activities”, and also noted the fact that similar tests were previously performed by the United States, China and India.

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