NATO Council condemns Russian test of anti-satellite missile in space | News from Germany on world events | DW

The NATO Council strongly condemns Russia’s “reckless and irresponsible test” of a direct-interception anti-satellite missile (DA-ASAT) that hit the Soviet Kosmos-1408 satellite and created a debris field in low Earth orbit. This “test led to the creation of a field of orbital debris, which significantly increases the risk to human life and space assets of a number of states and organizations,” NATO’s press service said in a statement released on Friday, November 19.

“Russia’s actions are an example of irresponsible behavior and threaten the security, economic, scientific and commercial interests of all countries and entities that seek to explore and use outer space for peaceful purposes,” the document says.

NATO: What happened could undermine the rejection of the militarization of space

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization says the incident directly contradicts Russia’s statements about its opposition to the militarization of space and undermines the rules-based international order.

NATO Allies remain committed to the peaceful exploration of space and call on all countries, including the Russian Federation, to join international efforts to develop norms, rules and principles of “responsible behavior to reduce space threats” and refrain from engaging in dangerous, irresponsible and destructive behavior. tests like the one conducted by Moscow.

EU: The credibility of the Russian Federation’s position is called into question

A separate statement in connection with the incident was published on behalf of the EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy Josep Borrell.

Brussels is sure that the actions of the Russian Federation are contrary to the principles reflected in the UN guidance on the limitation of space debris, as well as Moscow’s position, which was declared earlier in the course of many multilateral forums. In particular, we are talking about the contribution of the Russian Federation to the report of the UN Secretary-General on responsible behavior in space. “This casts doubt on the credibility” of the Russian position, they emphasize in the EU.

Brussels wants to accelerate the development of standards

The European Union is convinced that such tests can lead to a decrease in trust between space actors, are associated with a high risk of miscalculations and escalation and thus undermine the stability of outer space.

“This is a reminder of the urgent need to promote international discussions to harmonize and implement the norms of responsible behavior in space,” Brussels said. They also recalled that France, together with the EU’s leading institutions, prepared and submitted proposals to this end to UN Secretary-General António Guterres.

Russian tests in space

Russia conducted tests in space on November 15. An anti-satellite missile (DA-ASAT) hit the Soviet satellite Kosmos-1408 (Tselina-D series).

The US Space Forces Command (USSPACECOM), which is part of the US Air Force, was the first to report on the Russian tests. US Space Command chief James Dickinson said Russia “has demonstrated willful disregard for the safety, security, stability and long-term sustainability of outer space for all nations.” The result was more than 1,500 pieces of traceable orbital debris, which could eventually lead to hundreds of thousands of smaller fragments, he stressed.

The State Department said the United States and its allies will work to respond to Russia’s “dangerous and irresponsible behavior” that threatens the “long-term sustainability of outer space.”

The position of the Russian Defense Department

Shortly after the announcement by the US authorities, the Russian Ministry of Defense confirmed the information about the missile launch and emphasized that the test was successful. The agency insisted that the resulting fragments “do not and will not pose a threat to orbital stations, spacecraft and space activities”, and also drew attention to the fact that similar tests were previously carried out by the US, China and India.

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