Novosibirsk space | CHS-INFO

Novosibirsk, October 8, 2021. It is reported here that the Commission of the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union to study the results of the “Taimyr-Yermak” expedition has completed its work. As you know, in 2017 the Soviet Academy of Sciences sent an expedition into space consisting of two first-class planetary ships Taimyr and Yermak, which carried out the international research program for deep space and the possibilities for interstellar flights. The expedition started on November 7, 2017 from the international rocket rifle Pluto-2 in the direction of the constellation Lyra … The special purpose of the expedition was to try to reach the light barrier (absolute speed – 300 thousand km / s) and to study the properties of space-time close the light barrier with arbitrarily changing accelerations … “

This is how the cosmic present in Novosibirsk was described by the Strugatsky brothers in the fantastic story “Noon, XXII century (Return)”. According to Arkady and Boris Strugatsky, in 2017 the Union of Soviet Communist Republics would intensively explore outer space and send ships with humans to the outer corners of space.

Although much of what science fiction writers predicted did not come true, Novosibirsk has gone down in the history of modern cosmonautics. Institutions and facilities in the city continue to work on the development of space programs in Russia today. Let us remember the most important space milestones in Novosibirsk on the eve of Cosmonautics Day.

Novosibirsk, one might say, took up three legendary cosmonauts: the German Titov, Pavel Popovich and Boris Volynov. The flight of the famous reusable spacecraft Buran took place largely thanks to Novosibirsk’s designers. And now Anna Kikina from Novosibirsk is preparing for her first start. So far, she is the only woman in the Russian cosmonaut corps.

Cosmonaut Anna Kikina

By the way, the first cosmonaut on planet Earth Yuri Gagarin visited Novosibirsk twice. In 1962, a delegation of cosmonauts flew to Japan on an Il-18 plane. This board was refueling in Tolmachevo. Refueled and flew on. On the way back – refueling in Novosibirsk again. Gagarin was met with all honor. He was invited on a tour of Novosibirsk. The tables at obkom dachas, waiting for an important guest, were already bursting with food. But Gagarin politely declined this hype.

Perhaps the most famous resident of Novosibirsk, who made the greatest contribution to the development of astronautics, is Yuri Kondratyuk. The name of the scientist who came up with how to fly to the moon is named after the lyceum and the square in the city. This year, in honor of his 125th birthday, more than three hundred projects are being carried out in Novosibirsk, designed to draw attention to the work of an outstanding scientist. It is even planned to restore the house where he worked – on Sovetskaya Street, 24. The building is out of order because it is in disrepair. But the design and estimation documentation for its reconstruction has already been developed.

Kondratyuk’s fate is amazing. In fact, his real name is Alexander Ignatievich Shargei. He was born in Poltava, Ukraine, on June 21, 1897, into the family of a Russian-born Swedish baroness and a Jew baptized into Catholicism, a descendant of a major general in the Swedish army.

In 1916 Alexander entered the mechanical department of the Petrograd Polytechnic Institute, but in November of the same year he was drafted into the army and enrolled in the ensign school at one of the St. Petersburg cadet schools. Before the demobilization in March 1918, he fought on the Turkish front, an ensign. After the October Revolution, as an officer in the Tsarist army, he was mobilized for the White Army, but deserted.

After Kyiv was captured by the Red Army, he tried to go abroad on foot, but was arrested and returned. Fearing reprisals for his officer past, he received with the help of his stepmother Elena Petrovna Giberman (in his second marriage – Kareeva) a document in the name of Yuri Vasilyevich Kondratyuk, born in Lutsk born in 1900. He lived under this name until his death.

In 1927, for fear of reprisals, he moved to Siberia, where it was easier to hide under a false name. He got a job in Novosibirsk at the Khleboprodukt company, where he had to participate in the construction and improvement of elevators. That was when he built the famous Mastodon elevator in Kamen-on-Obi. The grain magazine contained 13 thousand tons of grain. On July 30, 1930, Kondratyuk, along with several other Khlebo product employees, was arrested on charges of sabotage. One of the accusations was that he built the “Mastodon” not only without drawings, but also without nails. “Mastodon” stood for more than 60 years and burned down in the mid-1990s.

Yuri Kondratyuk

But instead of the camps, Kondratyuk was recruited to work in the specialized agency No. 14 in Novosibirsk for engineering prisoners for the design of coal companies. He worked there until August 1932, after succeeding in making two inventions in the field of mining equipment.

After the start of the Great Patriotic War, Kondratyuk volunteered for the people’s militia. He was hired as a regular telephone operator in the communications company. According to “Book of Memory of the Dead and Missing in the Great Patriotic War. Volume 7”, Kondratyuk Yuri Vasilievich died on February 25, 1942.

On March 26, 1970, the Judicial Collegium for Criminal Cases of the RSFSR Supreme Court rehabilitated Yu.V. Kondratyuk in lack of corpus delicti.

In 1919, Shargei wrote the work “For Those Who Want to Read to Build.” In it, independently of Tsiolkovsky, he derived the basic equation for rocket motion with an original method, provided a diagram and description of a four-stage oxygen-hydrogen rocket, an engine combustion chamber with an offset and other arrangement of oxidizer and fuel injectors, a parabolic nozzle and very more. They were asked:

– use atmospheric resistance to brake the rocket during descent to save fuel;

– when flying to other planets, place the ship in the orbit of an artificial satellite and to land a person on them and return to the ship, use a small take-off and landing craft (the proposal was implemented by NASA in the Apollo program);

to use the gravitational field of oncoming celestial bodies for further acceleration or deceleration of the spacecraft as it flies in the solar system.

In the book “The Conquest of Interplanetary Spaces” (1929), Kondratyuk described the sequence of the first stages of space exploration. Take a closer look at the issues raised in his previous work. For example, he suggested using rocket artillery systems to supply satellites in orbit near Earth. At present, this proposal has been implemented in the form of Progress transport cargo vessels. In addition, the paper examined the issues of thermal protection of spacecraft during their movement in the atmosphere.

On Cosmonautics Day, let’s also remember that there is the planet Novosibirsk in space. It moves in the main asteroid belt at a distance from the sun that is three times larger than our earth.

Pavel Razuvaev

Leave a Comment