Russia and Kazakhstan are developing space technology


61 years ago, the first manned flight into space took place. This day is celebrated especially solemnly in Russia and Kazakhstan. On April 12, 1961, a launch vehicle from a test site in the Kyzylorda region of Kazakhstan launched the Vostok-1 spacecraft with cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin into orbit. Since then, the entire planet has known the Baikonur Cosmodrome. In 1968, the International Aviation Federation gave the holiday an international status. And in 2011, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution dedicated to the 50th anniversary of human spaceflight, proclaiming April 12 as the International Day of Human Spaceflight.

“A historic step was taken on the land of Kazakhstan”

For Kazakhstan and Russia, the day of cosmonautics is of particular importance. During the decades that Baikonur Cosmodrome existed, 150 conquerors of the universe have been sent into orbit from its launch pad. Last year, as the anniversary of Yuri Gagarin’s flight was celebrated, Kazakh President Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev said: “60 years ago, an event of lasting significance took place in human history – a daring attack on outer space began. The conquest of space and the Soviet cosmonaut “Yuri Alekseevich Gagarin’s first flight became a living symbol of the unsurpassed progress of all world science, and this historic step was taken here, in the land of Kazakhstan.”



The Republic of Kazakhstan is the birthplace of spaceflight, it was from the Baikonur Cosmodrome that all Soviet and Russian launches of spacecraft started. In 1991, Toktar Aubakirov became the first Kazakh cosmonaut. Talgat Musabayev has been in orbit three times, his total “space experience” is almost a year, while he spent 43 hours in outer space.

And the first cosmonaut in independent Kazakhstan in 2015 was Aidyn Aimbetov. Here is what the Major General of the Air Force said in an interview with

“The first time I got up from the ground was when I lifted the plane myself. It was just a great feeling. Any pilot will confirm that it’s just great emotion when the adrenaline goes off the scale. It’s like you have wings. And I experienced the second emotional explosion when I first shot into space on a rocket. I experienced incredible emotions when I realized that the task of the decades had been achieved and that I was in orbit. Then I felt a great pride for myself, for my friends who supported me, for my relatives and, of course, for the strength of the design idea of ​​the specialists who manufactured such a ship.

According to Aidyn Aimbetov, there are no concepts of day and night in space, the station rotates around the earth 16 times a day, space day and space night lasts about 45 minutes, sunrise and sunset last no more than one minute.

“As a famous song says:” And we do not dream of the roar of the cosmodrome. “I can confirm these words to one hundred percent: I dreamed of the earth, – says the astronaut.” And now it is the opposite – I am on earth and I dream of space. “

Today, Aidyn Aimbetov leads the company “Kazakhstan Garysh Sapary”, whose profile is the introduction of space technology, products and services.

“We have introduced space monitoring, and this is already a great achievement. We can use it for land use, for example. Our country is rich in all the minerals that are in the periodic table. Plus – we can determine the flora of fields wheat, oats, rye, maize by spectral analysis. Not only in Kazakhstan, but all over the world. Our satellites can capture any part of the planet. Our organization can predict returns not only in our territory but also in other geographical areas. With a return forecast per year you can do a certain analysis, how much wheat will cost, how much corn will cost, this is a very broad area of ​​activity, says Major General Aimbetov.

“Cooperation in space continues”

Together with Russia, Kazakhstan is the successor to the Soviet Union. The Republic National Aerospace Agency was established by decree of the first President Nursultan Nazarbayev on September 11, 1991, almost simultaneously with the proclamation of independence. In 2007, the President of Kazakhstan set a goal – to create a self-sufficient space industry in the republic. Over the past fifteen years, Kazakhstan has gone through a path in the development of the space sector that took decades for many countries. Companies with strategic directions for space operations, a design and technology agency for space technology have been created. Scientific staff has grown, universities in Kazakhstan are graduating specialists in space technology. Orbital constellations of communications satellites and remote sensing devices were put into operation. The vast majority of space data consumers are central and local authorities, including law enforcement agencies and law enforcement agencies. There is a satellite navigation system, design and technology agencies for space technology with pilot production, an assembly and test complex.

The National Center for Space Research and Space Technology was opened and unites scientific institutes. Together with the development of traditional areas in the field of astrophysics and the Earth’s ionosphere, the center conducts applied research on the development of domestic samples of space technology. In the field of space exploration, Kazakhstan is actively cooperating with Russia, France, Germany, China, India, the United Kingdom, Israel, the Netherlands, Sweden, Japan, South Korea, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Canada.

The joint Russian-Kazakh project for the Baiterek missile system is of strategic importance to the republic, ensuring the development of the Baikonur complex.

The hero of the people of Kazakhstan, Aidyn Aimbetov, positively assesses the prospects for cooperation between our countries in the field of space.

“I will repeat the words of our leaders – your Dmitry Rogozin (Roscosmos) and our Minister of Digital Development, Innovation and Aviation Bagdat Musin, who recently announced that cooperation in space continues. We have a number of projects that we are working on. And we will continue to work, ”said the Kazakh cosmonaut.


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