School portal to outer space

The future is moving fast and everything that was once impossible is becoming a reality. One could only dream of going into outer space during a lesson in geography, computer science and physics, hearing voices from the ISS, getting images of the earth’s surface from the earth’s remote sensing system and finding out the readings of nanosatellites.

But! Every dream tends to come true, so students at Samara University. Korolev, a world-class REC “Engineering of the Future” university student, a member of the “Space Gradient” club, will develop a constructor with which Russian schoolchildren will be able to independently assemble stations to receive data from space satellites and the ISS.

The project to create such a designer became the winner of the competition for the UMNIK program and received financial support from the Innovation Promotion Fund. The development can help create interest among school children in the occupations of the space industry. Characteristic of the Samara project is compact design, easy assembly, configuration and use.

“Existing training stations for receiving satellite information, designed for training purposes, generally require the installation of an antenna on the roof of a building. This makes it difficult to use such stations for many training organizations – such as schools or radio circuits. designers available in the market for the assembly of such stations are usually complex enough for school children to assemble them.The satellite data reception station we develop will be compact, easy to assemble and convenient to use – during the lessons can be installed in any open space, for example in the garden school, and after the lesson it can be easily folded and carried into the building, says a student at Samara University.Koroleva, the author of this project is Dimitri Nikishin.

Equipping schools and technical creativity circuits with similar stations to receive data from space will help attract the younger generation’s attention to the space industry and study the basics of satellite communications, and perhaps help someone choose a profession related to space in space. future. The development will also help to diversify and deepen the educational process in ordinary school subjects.

“In space, there are many unencrypted, open satellite signals with useful information that can be used in various school lessons – geography, computer science, physics. The reception station we are developing will, for example, be able to receive Earth remote sensing data – images of the Earth’s surface with a resolution of about 1 With the help of the station, you can receive scientific data – the readings of various sensors installed on scientific and educational nanosatellites of the CubeSat format.It will even be possible to hear voice messages from ISS, atmospheric and stratospheric probes or to “as a reception station at the CanSat Championships – this is a competition to launch homemade pico satellites that are no larger than a standard aluminum soda can and weigh up to 350 grams at a height of about one kilometer”, said Dimitry Nikishin.

To capture a signal from orbit, it is necessary to carefully point the antenna at one or another satellite. Young researchers from Samara University decided to avoid these difficulties by introducing an automatic antenna pointing mechanism in the station.

Within the framework of the grant, work will be carried out to calculate the properties of the antennas and the most optimal and easy-to-manufacture and used design will be chosen. It is tentatively established that the station will operate in the bands 120-150 MHz and 430-460 MHz. An intermediate test of the antenna will undergo a cycle of tests and improvements in the university laboratory.

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