This was told in the American space company Rocket Lab, writes CNN.
Rocket Lab CEO Peter Beck said there are already many “second-hand” objects flying around in space, but the number is skyrocketing. So old unusable satellites make it difficult to find an orbit to launch new ones. Not least Beck blames Elon Musk for SpaceX and Starlink.
Part of the problem is that outer space remains unregulated. The last international agreement on space sharing was not updated for 50 years, leaving space in the hands of private companies, says Peter Beck.
Meanwhile, part of the space is not “allocated” to companies, there is no responsibility for it. The rapid accumulation of debris from space missions began the “Kessler Syndrome”.
What it is?
The “Kessler syndrome” is NASA consultant Donald Kessler’s theory that as a result of the many launches of space satellites and the accumulation of space debris they leave behind, space travel will simply become impossible.
According to Kessler’s theory, space debris is particularly dangerous because of its “domino effect”. Two objects in space can collide with each other, resulting in an explosion and the creation of dozens of pieces of debris. The same debris will collide with each other until, as a result, like an avalanche, they will cover the entire vicinity of the Earth.
So what to do?
Scientists are already trying to track the flight paths of space objects and warn colleagues about them. For example, University of Texas astrodynamic researcher Moriba Jah created a database to help track potential collisions in space. It uses a scatter plot to show how many objects 10 km away pass each other every 20 minutes. In recent years, the map has become so dense that it has become difficult to count these points.
The researcher contacted SpaceX and Rocket Lab to share the data, but neither company did so.
The US military has the largest database of space debris, but they do not want to keep track of the “cleanliness of space”. NASA and the US military are pushing for these responsibilities to be handed over to the US Department of Commerce to work on the international surveillance system. Last year, the US Congress instructed to study this issue, but when the actual implementation of the reform will ㅡ is unknown.