The new iPhone 14 series smartphones have equipment for satellite communication.
Experts from the iFixit community took apart the iPhone 14 Pro Max smartphone and found out what components it consists of and how repairable it is.
One of the biggest innovations discovered was the ability of the iPhone 14 Pro Max to communicate with satellites if cellular or WiFi connection is not available, but there is a need for it. To do this, a Qualcomm X65 chip modem is installed there, which can communicate with the Globalstar system satellites.
Previously, we recall that Globalstar and Apple entered into an agreement according to which Apple will receive up to 85% of the capacity of Globalstar’s satellite network. Because of this feature, Apple’s emergency notification system will work.
Satellite-based emergency notifications are expected to launch on iPhones in November.
Remember that the beginning of the Globalstar project dates back to 1991, this is a joint venture between Loral and Qualcomm. They were later joined by Alcatel, AirTouch, Deutsche Aerospace, Hyundai and Vodafone. The first Globalstar satellites began surfing in space in 1998. Note that Globalstar was created to interact with existing cellular networks, expand their capacity and provide communications outside of coverage areas. The Globalstar system consists of primary and backup satellites located at an altitude of 1414 km, and a network of ground stations (gateway stations on the ground).
The Russian segment of the Globalstar system was presented by CJSC GlobalTel, it included three ground stations in Moscow, Novosibirsk and Khabarovsk. Currently, Globalstar does not work in Russia, the company left the country after the start of the special operation. Remember that Globalstar satellites cannot transmit traffic from satellite to satellite, data received from the satellite phone is sent to the ground station and then travels in the traditional way to its destination. Communication therefore only works if there is a Globalstar satellite in the satellite phone’s field of view and the satellite in turn sees the ground station. The shutdown of three Russian ground stations also disrupted communications in a number of neighboring countries. In total, there are 24 (or rather, already 21) ground stations in the world, 7 of them are located in North America.
By the way, in July of this year, the State Commission on Radio Frequencies extended the license to use the frequencies of Iridium Communications in Russia for 10 years, a division of the satellite operator Iridium.
After the shutdown of Globalstar in Russia, the popularity of the domestic Gonets system increased. It is expected that three new spacecraft of the Gonets-M series will be launched from the Vostochny Cosmodrome on October 22 this year.