April 12 is celebrated in Russia as Cosmonautics Day, established by a decree of the Bureau of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union of April 9, 1962, to honor the world’s first manned flight into space. It was made by Yuri Gagarin, a citizen of the Soviet Union, on the Vostok spacecraft on April 12, 1961.
The launch of the world’s first manned spacecraft was led by the designer of the rocket and space system Sergei Korolev, the head of the Baikonur test site Anatoly Kirillov, and the rocket engineer Leonid Voskresensky.
“Vostok” with Yuri Gagarin on board spent 108 minutes in space near Earth and made a revolution around the Earth. Then the spacecraft’s spacecraft successfully delivered the first cosmonaut to the planet’s surface – at an altitude of several kilometers, Gagarin threw out and parachuted down the shores of the Volga near the village of Smelovka, Ternovsky district in the Saratov region.
On Cosmonautics Day, the country honors workers in the space industry – designers, scientists, engineers, workers, cosmonauts, testers. Those who are on duty at the consoles in the Mission Control Center and in the command and measurement complex receive, process and store scientific documentation from spacecraft and orbital stations.
At the initiative of Russia, on the 50th anniversary of humanity’s first step into outer space on April 7, 2011, the UN General Assembly declared at a special plenary session on April 12 as the International Day of Human Spaceflight. More than 60 states co-sponsored this resolution.
This holiday is special for the Penza Regional Branch of the Russian Geographical Society. The Russian cosmonaut Alexander Samokutyaev was born on March 13, 1970 in Penza. He is a graduate of high school No. 56, which now bears his name.
From April to September 2011, Alexander Samokutyaev made his first spaceflight as a crew member on the 27/28 long-term expedition to the International Space Station as Soyuz TMA-21 spacecraft commander and ISS aeronautical engineer. Performed a space walk that lasted 6 hours 23 minutes. The flight lasted 164 days.
From September 2014 to March 2015, Alexander Samokutyaev made his second spaceflight as part of the crew of the 41/42 long-term expedition to the International Space Station as Soyuz TMA-M spacecraft commander and ISS aeronautical engineer. Performed a space walk that lasted 3 hours 41 minutes. The flight time was 167 days.
2015, on the occasion of the 170th anniversary of the Russian geographical community, Alexander Samokutyaev, together with crew members Elena Serova and Barry Wilmore highlighted the historical fact of the presence of the Russian geographical community in Earth’s orbit by unfurling the company’s flag aboard the ISS.
Alexander Samokutyaev is the honorary chairman of the Penza Regional Branch of the Russian Geographical Society, a member of the department’s board and also an honorary mentor for the Green Wave interregional environmental movement.
We sincerely congratulate the Hero of Russia, Deputy State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation Alexander Samokutyaev, all representatives of this heroic profession, as well as all the inhabitants of Russia, on the day of cosmonautics! We were first. We stay first!