Who will control outer space in the future

Why countries are fighting in space

According to Belousov, outer space is transformed into an arena for armed confrontation. Although the diplomat did not name specific countries that “increase the potential for powerful impact on space objects”, he acknowledged that several nations have plans to conduct military operations in space, and also indicated that the consequences of space conflicts could be catastrophic.

At present, world powers are not in any way limited in placing any type of weapon in orbit, other than nuclear weapons. As the retired Major General and Deputy Head of the American and Canadian Institutes Pavel Zolotarev states, this creates a dangerous situation for the coexistence of several nations in outer space.

“At the same time, the competitive environment in space is increasing. And the number of states that want space groups there is also growing. It gets crowded in space: both in stationary orbit and in the frequency range.

Among other things, the states’ dependence on their space infrastructure is large, as is the case with the USA, China and Russia. To understand this, it is enough to launch a satellite, and everyone on earth will feel it, he says in an interview with Gazeta.Ru.

The United States pays close attention to ensuring the security of space infrastructure, the expert points out. Therefore, Washington is developing a theoretical framework for conducting any operations aimed at protecting critical objects in space so that no one can interfere with their operation.

“It can not be ruled out that the military is quietly considering plans to harm the enemy space group. But this is the military’s natural behavior, which must look ahead. Russia, the United States and China have relevant developments,” Zolotarev stressed.

For all countries of the world, space is still a territory with military potential, says Vasily Kashin, Head of the Sector for International Military Policy and Military Economic Problems at the Center for Comprehensive European and International Studies at the National Research University Higher School of Economics.

The expert explained that military space technology can cause drastic damage to the enemy’s information infrastructure, as the outcome of the hostilities is largely due to information superiority.

What threatens space war

At the moment, the Earth’s orbit is more of a dumping ground than a potential battlefield for the great powers. According to the European Space Agency, there are 900,000 fragments in space near the Earth in size from 1 to 10 cm and 34,000 objects larger than 10 cm.

But if, in addition to this, large-scale hostilities begin in space, humanity may lose the very possibility of using the Earth’s orbit for scientific research, believes Pavel Zolotarev.

“First and foremost, it’s about the stationary equatorial orbit. “In addition to space objects, so much debris has now accumulated that an avalanche-like process of collision between garbage objects can begin, and the entire orbit will turn into a cloud of debris – and not a single satellite will simply survive,” Zolotarev said.

According to the expert, only the consciousness of the international community, which is still aware of the dangers of such processes, saves from placing weapons in space. However, the development of technology in this area will continue in any case, the Major General concluded.

Cosmonaut and Deputy State Duma Deputy at the VII Convocation, Elena Serova, for her part, notes that the start of hostilities in space in the near future may become quite real. But in her opinion, countries can go even further – and even start the battle for the moon.

“Now they are starting to talk more and more about how the moon’s territory will be distributed. Such a scenario can not be ruled out. But this is unacceptable. The space must remain peaceful. Countries that have advanced in space exploration will seek to further increase their military potential to conquer the territories in space close to Earth, Serova said in an interview with Gazeta.Ru.

– Attention to manned astronautics and flight to the moon is the tip of the iceberg and roses on the cake. Military space plays a much greater role in the current stage of development of military equipment. The importance of military space is growing rapidly, as is the ability to use high-precision weapons or unmanned aerial vehicles. Combat operations in space are inevitable, ”explained Vasily Kashin of the National Research University Higher School of Economics.

Which countries have the largest military capabilities in space?

The United States, which is considered the most developed power when it comes to space exploration, has for several years considered China as its main competitor in space, Vasily Kashin states. The expert explains this by saying that China’s resource base currently exceeds that of Russia.

“In 2012, Beijing surpassed Moscow in terms of the number of active spacecraft in orbit. They make more space launches and have more advanced civilian and military programs. Overall, China is now the largest player. Although we maintain technical superiority in some areas,” the expert said.

Beijing’s success in space can be explained by a good production base in terms of electronic component base, which according to Kashin has been formed since the 1990s of the last century.

In terms of military space technology, Russia is still ahead of China. Russian-made nuclear power plants are of particular interest to the Chinese.

“We also have superiority in the development of all types of special missile attack satellites and orbital weapon systems. But in an integrated way, the Chinese are becoming a bigger player in space, “Kashin explained.

Space is of interest to China not only from a military point of view, but also in terms of national economic use, as Beijing wants to take an important place in the global telecommunications industry.

“They want their critical infrastructure: maps, navigation and communication. Without this, the modern economy can not function,” the specialist stressed.

Another potential participant in the battle for space is India, Kashin noted. For example, New Delhi recently tested anti-satellite weapons.

“They have the same set of programs as other countries, but they will evolve as the Indian economy develops. In India, they expect to repeat the story of China’s economic start. If they succeed, they will follow this path. In a few years. we can see everything that China has, the expert concluded.

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