World Space Week – UN celebrates 65th anniversary of Sputnik-1 |

This year marks 65 years since the first artificial Earth satellite was launched. The launch of the Sputnik-1 apparatus into a near-Earth orbit, which was carried out thanks to many years of work by scientists and engineers of the Soviet Union, marked the beginning of a new era in the history of mankind. Today, space does not seem as inaccessible as it used to be: more than 600 people have already orbited the Earth, scientific work is constantly underway at the International Space Station and the number of satellites through which communication and various researches take place. carried out on earth is in the thousands.

World Space Week is the largest annual event dedicated to the study of outer space. The UN General Assembly proclaimed it in Resolution 54/68 of December 6, 1999, to celebrate annually at the international level the contribution that science and technology make to the improvement of human life.

The theme of World Space Week 2022 is “Space and Sustainability”. The UN believes that the potential of space to support the sustainability goals is very broad. Of the 169 goals that make up the 17 Sustainable Development Goals, 65 are directly addressed by observation satellites and related technologies. The United Nations itself uses space technology in its daily work: modern solutions are used by at least 25 UN agencies and the World Bank Group.

Since the dawn of the space age, the United Nations has recognized that advances in outer space have opened up new opportunities for people to expand their knowledge and improve their lives. Since then, the United Nations has set itself the task of using the unique opportunities that the exploration of outer space promises, exclusively for the benefit of all mankind. Already on December 13, 1958, recognizing humanity’s common interest in outer space and the common desire to use outer space for peaceful purposes, the General Assembly adopted the first ever resolution on the question of the use of outer space for peaceful purposes (Resolution). 1348 (XIII)).

And on October 10, 1967, the “Magna Charter of Outer Space” – the treaty on the principles of the activities of states in the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, entered into force.

The United Nations Office for Outer Space is responsible for promoting international cooperation in the peaceful uses of outer space. The Vienna-based organization also serves as the secretariat for the UN General Assembly’s Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. In addition, the department maintains a registry of objects launched into outer space.

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